By Benny Morris
This heritage of the foundational warfare within the Arab-Israeli clash is groundbreaking, aim, and deeply revisionist. A riveting account of the army engagements, it additionally makes a speciality of the war's political dimensions. Benny Morris probes the explanations and goals of the protagonists at the foundation of newly opened Israeli and Western documentation. The Arab side—where the data are nonetheless closed—is illuminated with assistance from intelligence and diplomatic materials.
Morris stresses the jihadi personality of the two-stage Arab attack at the Jewish group in Palestine. all through, he examines the dialectic among the war's army and political advancements and highlights the army impetus within the construction of the refugee challenge, which was once a spinoff of the disintegration of Palestinian Arab society. The publication completely investigates the position of the nice Powers—Britain, the U.S., and the Soviet Union—in shaping the clash and its tentative termination in 1949. Morris seems to be either at excessive politics and basic employees decision-making procedures and on the nitty-gritty of strive against within the successive battles that ended in the emergence of the kingdom of Israel and the humiliation of the Arab international, an embarrassment that underlies the continuing Arab antagonism towards Israel.
"'Morris's account turns out admirable, simply because he's unafraid of frightening either camps... His dedication to the pursuit of historic fact merits as a lot admiration as his dismay at Arab intransigence instructions sympathy... Morris's ebook is not any mere army narrative, yet a crisp, brilliant advent to the old tragedy of Palestine.' Max Hastings, Sunday instances 'Morris relates the tale of his new ebook soberly and sombrely, evenhandedly and exhaustively... An authoritative and fair-minded account of an epochal and unstable event.' David Margolick, manhattan instances ebook evaluation 'An formidable, particular and interesting portrait of the conflict itself - from its origins to its unresolved aftermath - that extra shatters myths on each side of the Israeli-Arab divide.' Glenn Frankel, Washington put up ebook World"
About the Author
Benny Morris is professor of historical past within the center East reviews division of Ben-Gurion college, Israel. he's the top determine between Israel's "New Historians," who over the last 20 years have reshaped our knowing of the Israeli-Arab clash. His books comprise Righteous sufferers: A historical past of the Zionist-Arab clash, 1881-2001; Israel's Border Wars, 1949-1956; and The beginning of the Palestinian Refugee challenge Revisited.
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Extra info for 1948: A History of the First Arab-Israeli War
The plight of European Jewry may have weighed heavily on the side of Zionism; but American global interests, as they emerged in the war against Germany, Italy, and Japan and as perceived by most senior ofﬁcials in the relevant departments (State, Defense), militated in the other direction. The ofﬁcials worried about the continued supply of oil, American bases, and open lines of communication as well as, from the war’s end, countering Soviet inﬂuence and power. The continued goodwill or, at least, neutrality of the Arab world remained a major American interest.
The revolt enjoyed popular support throughout the Arab Middle East. Even before its outbreak, the Arab world had been smoldering with the idea of a jihad (holy war) against the Yishuv. 26 But the revolt was somewhat lackadaisical: initially, few Palestinians actually participated in hostilities, and they were disorganized and poorly led and equipped. By October they had managed to kill only twenty-eight Britons and eighty Jews (at a cost of some two hundred Arab dead). The British and the Yishuv reacted with restraint, though London began to curtail Jewish immigration.
In October 1937 they outlawed the AHC and the NCs and arrested many of their members. Haj Amin al-Husseini himself ﬂed into exile, where he remained— alternating mainly between Beirut and Cairo—until his death in 1974. After the rebellion peaked in summer 1938 (the rebels brieﬂy occupied the Old City of Jerusalem and Beersheba) and after being temporarily freed by the Munich Agreement from the specter of war in Europe, the British went on the offensive, clamping down hard. Between October 1938 and April 1939 20 S TA K I N G C L A I M S British units pushed into the casbahs and the rebel strongholds in the hill country and virtually annihilated the bands after coercing much of the rural population into collaboration.
1948: A History of the First Arab-Israeli War by Benny Morris