By Steven Smith
Spearhead sequence; This sequence seems to be on the leading edge of struggle, and bargains completely with devices in a position to working independently within the vanguard of conflict. each one quantity within the sequence examines the selected unit's origins and historical past, its business enterprise and order of conflict, its conflict historical past theatre by means of theatre, its insignia and markings. additionally lined are biographies of an important commanders of every unit. each one name ends with an review of unit effectiveness - as obvious through the unit itself, through its rivals and within the gentle of more moderen ancient examine. The books additionally comprise a close reference part with a serious biography, an inventory of proper museums and sites, plus information regarding re-enactment teams and memoriais. US 2d Armored department; the U.S. 2d Armored department, nicknamed 'Hell on Wheels', fought with contrast within the eu Theatre of Operations and used to be the 1st US department to arrive the Elbe and to go into Berlin. It used to be commanded through the charismatic Major-General George S Patton Jr from January 1941 to February 1942. parts of second Armored first observed motion in North Africa, touchdown at Casablanca, eight November 1942, and later enjoying the battling at Bela, Tunisia, however the department as entire didn't input wrestle until eventually the invasion of Sicily, the place it played good. After the Sicillan crusade, the department informed in England for the invasion of Normandy, touchdown on D+3, and going into motion close to Carentan; it will move directly to play an important position within the Falaise hole battles, hence racing throughout France via Balgium and into Germany at Schimmert on 18 September 1944. The department additionally performed a big function through the Ardennes offensive, blunting the German 5th Panzer Army's penetration of yankee traces and happening to lessen the Bulge in January. The 2d crossed the Rhine on 27 March and was once the 1st US department to arrive the Elbe at Schonebeck on eleven April.
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Additional resources for 2nd Armored Division: "Hell on Wheels"
The Stuarts didn't sink into the mud and raced across the field at 35mph, faster than the Panzers could traverse their turrets. The light tanks got into the enemy rear where they overran an artillery battery and scoured enemy trenches with machine-gun fire. Three M5s got held up in a ditch and were destroyed, but the rest created havoc. At one point the Stuarts even took on a platoon of Tigers. Their 37mm guns were as effective as pellets against the German armor, but the speed of the M5s confounded the enemy beasts and forced them to withdraw.
An American jeep was in the middle of the road. S. halftracks went up in flames. The Shermans retreated slowly down the road in reverse, firing away as they fell back on the stronger 2AD position behind them. This was held by a company of Shermans, a platoon of Stuarts, a company of armored infantry, some armored engineers, and the 2nd Battalion's headquarters group. The call went out for support from the 78th and 62nd Artillery Battalions. As the German column plunged into the position, the 2AD opened fire.
Along the way the company captured a German field hospital and shot up a number of German trucks, cars and motorcycles that crossed its path. British Typhoon fighter-bombers had flown high-level guard, destroying targets ahead of the company and on its flanks. Crossing the unguarded Sienne to Cerences, the recon men captured a company of German troops at a gasoline dump. One halftrack moved on to the village of Brehal within sight of the Atlantic Ocean. When it received orders to pull back for the night, C Company had to let its captured German supply troops go, but the 2AD men still had the satisfaction of knowing they had made the deepest penetration of the front by any Allied unit since D-day.
2nd Armored Division: "Hell on Wheels" by Steven Smith