By Steven Runciman
Sir Steven Runciman's 3 quantity A historical past of the Crusades, one of many nice classics of English historic writing, is now being reissued. during this ultimate quantity, Runciman examines the revival of the Frankish country on the time of the 3rd campaign till its cave in a century later. The interwoven topics of the publication contain: Christiandom, the substitute of the classy Ayubites via the fewer sympathetic Mameluks as chief of the Moslem international, and the arrival of the Mongols. He features a bankruptcy on structure and the humanities, and an epilogue at the final manifestations of the Crusading spirit.
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Additional info for A History of the Crusades: Volume 3, The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades
4 1 Itinerarium, foe. cit. 1 Beha ed-Din, loc. cit. 3 Abu Shama, PP· 5I7-I8, szo; Ibn al-Athir, II, pp. 32-3. 4 Itineraritmt, pp. 136-7; Ambroise, cols. II9-20. 33 CHAPTER Ill CCE UR-DE-LION 'I will bring evil from the north, and a great destruction. ' JEREMIAH IV, 6, 7 King Philip Augustus landed at the camp before Acre on 20 April II9I, the Saturday after Easter, and King Richard seven weeks later, on the Saturday after Whitsun. Nearly four years had passed since the battle ofHattin and the desperate appeal to the West for help.
3 Itinerarium, pp. 73-4; Ambroise, col. 84. The date of each arrival is not given. P. S. pp. 171, 175-8; Abu Shama, pp. 497-506. ' Throughout the winter the armies faced each other, neither venturing on a major engagement. There were skirmishes and duels, but at the same time there was growing fraternization. The knights on either side began to know and to respect each other. A fight would be interrupted while the protagonists enjoyed a friendly conversation. Enemy soldiers would be invited to come to the feasts and entertainments arranged in either camp.
As the warmer weather approached, water became a problem and sanitary arrangements broke down. Disease spread through the troops. Chastened by the difficulties of their men, Guy and Conrad patched up an agreement. Conrad was to hold Tyre, with Beirut and Sidon when they should be recovered, and was to recognize Guy as king. When peace between them was thus made, Conrad left the camp in March and at the end of the month returned from Tyre with ships laden with food and armaments. Saladin' s fleet sailed out of the harbour of Acre to intercept him; but after a sharp battle the Saracen ships were driven back, in spite of their use of Greek fire, and Conrad was 1 2 Itinerarium, pp.
A History of the Crusades: Volume 3, The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades by Steven Runciman