By Kenneth M. Setton, Marshall W. Baldwin
The six volumes of A background of the Crusades will stand because the definitive heritage of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of knowledge and research of the background, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval global.
Read Online or Download A History of the Crusades, Volume I: The First Hundred Years PDF
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Extra resources for A History of the Crusades, Volume I: The First Hundred Years
It supplied a military force of heavy cavalry at every stage in the hierarchy. Thus each barony, each county, and each kingdom had its army. It also furnished vigorous and interested local government. The extensive reclamation of land and the founding of towns were largely the result of the desire of feudal lords to increase their resources. It is highly doubtful that mere agents working for the benefit of a central government could have accomplished so much. But as a means of keeping peace and Ch.
A woman could not do homage or hold a fief in her own hands though she could carry one to her husband. Her testimony was unacceptable in court except in respect to a rape committed on her or the murder of her husband in her presence. She had no rights against her husband. H e could dispose of her property and beat her whenever she annoyed him. The chansons de geste show clearly that feudal husbands beat their wives savagely with no qualms of conscience. Moreover, the marnage bond was far from firm.
With the support of the emperor H enry III Cluniac monks reformed many German monasteries and men inspired by Cluny revived English monasticism. All enthusiastic and devout churchmen tended to gravitate toward Cluny. These enthusiasts were not willing to limit their reforms to the onasteries. They were anxious to remedy the abuses that were common among the secular clergy. The most serious of these was lay appointment of ecclesiastics. The great lords appointed bishops and abbots, and the lords of villages appointed the parish priests.
A History of the Crusades, Volume I: The First Hundred Years by Kenneth M. Setton, Marshall W. Baldwin