By Kenneth M. Setton, Robert Lee Wolff, Harry W. Hazard
The six volumes of A background of the Crusades will stand because the definitive historical past of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of knowledge and research of the background, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval world.
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Additional resources for A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Later Crusades, 1189-1311
Within the Naʿt itself, it should be stressed that equal weight is given to Aristotle and Ibn Bakhtīshūʿ7 as authorities; but neither can be considered the author, for examination of the text reveals that it is, if anything, an anonymous work. Indeed, it is a particular point of interest that the unnamed compiler explains, as the later manuscripts in the same tradition do not, that what he is presenting is a text juxtaposing materials derived from Aristotle 3 See Chapter One for a list of non-illustrated copies.
Handwritten Persian inscription, in nastaʿlīq, placed in the centre of the upper half of the page (Fig. 3):12 This book, the Naʿt al-ḥ ayawān, lent on trust by His Excellency, possessed of virtues, associated with knowledge, the exalted, Āqā-yi Shaykh Muḥammad Ḥ asan, . . of the Preachers, son of the late lamented, whose resting-place is heaven’s paradise, the most noble of pilgrims, Ḥ ajjī ʿAbd Allāh, may God render his grave fragrant, and make heaven his dwelling-place, has been stamped.
14 July 1884. Inv. Or 2784. B. of Adolf Tintner, of Pera. 14 June 1884. 1 Subsequently, however, it has generally been referred to as a work by Ibn Bakhtīshūʿ, and the same selectivity occurs with the various textually related manuscripts, so that they have come to be known collectively as the Ibn Bakhtīshūʿ corpus. This may be, in part, because the presence of an Aristotelian element is usually taken for granted in Arabic scientific literature, thus allowing, even if inadvertently, greater prominence to be given to other authorities.
A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Later Crusades, 1189-1311 by Kenneth M. Setton, Robert Lee Wolff, Harry W. Hazard