Read e-book online American Sociolinguistics: Theorists and theory groups PDF

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By Stephen O. Murray

ISBN-10: 9027221782

ISBN-13: 9789027221780

This can be a revised model of thought teams and the learn of Language in North the US (1994), the post-World-War-II historical past of the emergence of sociolinguistics in North the United States that was once defined in Language in Society as “a heady mixture of specific scholarship, mordant wit, and sustained narrative designed to cajole even the skeptical reader that those myriad, frequently concurrently emergent, methods of puzzling over language are certainly interrelated. . . . this can be an outspoken, enticing, rollicking, sometimes annoying experience within the historical past of those sciences as concerning their perform. . . to not be neglected by way of someone who cares in regards to the highbrow underpinnings of the learn of language in society,” in Language as delivering “the closest approximation” to how sociolinguists got here jointly and constructed the sphere, and in Lingua as delivering “the such a lot finished overviews of a few of the and sundry ways to [American] linguistic research.” American Sociolinguistics examines either idea teams (such because the ethnography of conversing and ethnoscience), and sociolinguistic students (such as William Labov, Einar Haugen, and Erving Goffman) whose widely-known and often-emulated paintings was once no longer pursued by way of geared up teams.

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These data are rather tenuous bases for generalizations that a certain percentage of words in the core vocabulary will be retained in each millennium in each and every language in the world, but they at least provide estimates. 5 plus or minus 6 per cent per millennium. Swadesh extrapolated these findings across vast sweeps of space and time. If all the aforementioned assumptions are true, then, by recognizing genuine cog­ nates and then computing the percentage of cognates in core vocabularies of two languages, one can compute the length of time that must have elapsed since the two diverged from a common parent language.

15 Turner (quoted by Herskovits 1941:279) found the reverse of the Pueblo pattern: The Gullah Negro when talking to strangers is likely to use speech that is for the most part English in vocabulary, but when he talks to his associates and to the members of his family, his speech is different. My first phonograph recordings of the speech of Gullah Negroes contain fewer African words by far than those I made when I was no longer a stranger to them. Herskovits (1941:280) asserted that West African areal syntactic and phonological patterns survived in African-American English, French, Portuguese and Spanish, more so than in their lexicons.

Processing the comparisons was also a finite task. 4 Berkeley Linguistics during the 1950s As Lamb noted (in Parrett 1974), Berkeley was insulated from the radical neo-Bloomfieldianisms of Bloch, Trager, Harris. In an era when travel was still by rail, Yale was five days' travel from Berkeley. Examiners were not exchanged and national meetings rarely were attended (Haas 1978 interview). The theory deployed in the linguistics program at the University of Califor­ nia, Berkeley, that developed after the war was neo-Bloomfieldian, though the primary focus was on learning multiple languages.

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American Sociolinguistics: Theorists and theory groups by Stephen O. Murray

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