By Petra Hendriks
This booklet asserts that language is a signaling procedure instead of a code, established partly on such study because the discovering that 5-year-old English and Dutch little ones use pronouns thoroughly of their personal utterances, yet frequently fail to interpret those kinds effectively whilst utilized by another individual.
Emphasizing the original and infrequently competing calls for of listener and speaker, the writer examines ensuing asymmetries among construction and comprehension. The textual content bargains examples of the translation of be aware order and pronouns via listeners, and be aware order freezing and referential selection by way of audio system. it really is explored why the standard symmetry breaks down in youngsters but additionally occasionally in adults.
Gathering modern insights from theoretical linguistic examine, psycholinguistic reports and computational modeling, Asymmetries among Language creation and Comprehension presents a unified rationalization of this phenomenon.
“Through a lucid, accomplished overview of acquisition reviews on reference-related phenomena, Petra Hendriks builds a remarkable case for the pervasiveness of asymmetries in comprehension/production. In her view, listeners systematically misunderstand what they pay attention, and audio system systematically fail to avoid such misunderstandings. She argues that linguistic conception should still take inventory of present psycholinguistic and developmental facts on optionality and ambiguity, and realize language as a signaling procedure. The arguments are compelling but arguable: grammar doesn't specify a one-to-one correspondence among shape and that means; and the calls for of the mapping job fluctuate for listeners and audio system. Her inspiration is formalized inside of optimality conception, yet researchers operating outdoors this framework will nonetheless locate it of serious curiosity. within the language-as-code vs. language-as-signal debate, Hendriks places the ball firmly within the different court.” Ana Pérez-Leroux, collage of Toronto, Canada
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Extra info for Asymmetries between language production and comprehension
36 2 Asymmetries in Language Acquisition For these reasons, this chapter explores the possibility that asymmetries between production and comprehension can be explained by the grammar itself, rather than by extra-grammatical factors. If asymmetries between production and comprehension result from the grammar, we expect these asymmetries to be dependent on linguistic universals and well-established features of the grammar, rather than on accidental properties of the task or cognitive limitations of the child.
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Asymmetries between language production and comprehension by Petra Hendriks