By Robert Forczyk
Not able to behavior flooring operations at the eu continent till Allied energy was once marshalled for a full-scale invasion, the British govt established its grand process in international battle II on a chronic crusade of aerial bombardment of Nazi Germany's towns with the intention to deliver the 3rd Reich to its knees. on the center of this procedure have been the rising applied sciences of the heavy bomber, mixed with night-navigation and precision-bombing thoughts. The RAF brought the massive four-engined Avro Lancaster in 1942 and used it to spearhead this aerial offensive. In reaction, the Luftwaffe created an elite nightfighter strength dependent essentially upon the Bf one hundred ten to counter the RAF bombers. even supposing the Bf one hundred ten had failed miserably as an afternoon fighter over England in 1940, it came across its area of interest as a nightfighter. The Luftwaffe used to be fast to equip it with airborne radar that allowed it to intercept and break Lancasters over Germany. In flip, the RAF followed countermeasures reminiscent of the Monica rearward-looking radar to alert Lancaster crews to the method of nightfighters. The Lancaster heavy bomber used to be built with rear and dorsal turrets that gave it a few likelihood to force off nightfighters using the traditional tactic of attacking from above and behind.
In might 1943, even though, the Luftwaffe unexpectedly constructed a unique technical and tactical method of attacking RAF bombers - the Schräge Musik weapon procedure, which fastened upward-firing 20mm cannons in a Bf one hundred ten nightfighter. the recent tactic proved amazingly profitable, and British bombers may be attacked from less than with out caution. quickly, the Luftwaffe made up our minds to equip a 3rd of its nightfighters with Schräge Musik and commenced to inflict grievous losses upon Lancaster bomber devices within the interval from August 1943 to March 1944. For its half, the RAF didn't realize the hot German tactic for 6 the most important months, within which time its Lancaster bombers have been virtually defenceless in contrast new danger. In time, besides the fact that, the German good thing about shock used to be misplaced and the RAF constructed countermeasures to house the hot danger. The duel among upgraded Bf 110s and Lancasters within the evening skies over Germany grew to become more and more ruled by means of state-of-the-art expertise, which might ensure the efficacy of strategic bombing.
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Additional resources for Bf 110 vs Lancaster: 1942-45 (Duel, Volume 51)
The introduction of Zahme Sau opened up the playing field to everyone, which created a whole new crop of Bf 110 aces. However, the key difference between Bf 110 aircrew and their Lancaster opponents was that the Nachtjäger were serving for the duration, not limited to a 25-mission tour. com COMBAT Unlike the USAAF’s daylight bombing campaign of Germany, which pitted large formations of American heavy bombers against large groups of Luftwaffe day fighters, most of Bomber Command’s night combat actions throughout 1941-44 saw a single bomber targeted by a solitary nightfighter.
Harris knew about this countermeasure, which was designated Window, but wanted to pick his moment to use it. com jam Luftwaffe communications, as well as defensive equipment such as Monica and the FN 121 AGLT. On the other side, Telefunken and Siemens sought to counter British electronic advances by developing the improved FuG 220 SN-radar for the Bf 110, as well as a host of passive radar detectors such as Flensburg, Neptun and Naxos. Both sides’ scientists were quick to take advantage of captured enemy electronic equipment, which often led to short-term benefits.
Com RAF mechanics conduct maintenance on a Lancaster’s port outer Rolls-Royce Merlin engine. The Merlin was a superb powerplant, and it provided the Lancaster with the ability to carry very large bomb loads. Bf 110 pilots equipped with Schräge Musik upward-firing cannon usually aimed here, between the two engines on the port wing, so as to ignite the Lancaster’s fuel tanks. 303in. machine guns that could traverse about 80 degrees to either port or starboard and depress down to -45 degrees. The Lancaster carried 9,792 litres of fuel, split evenly between three tanks in each wing.
Bf 110 vs Lancaster: 1942-45 (Duel, Volume 51) by Robert Forczyk