By Diego A. R. Dalvit, Peter W. Milonni, David C. Roberts (auth.), Diego Dalvit, Peter Milonni, David Roberts, Felipe da Rosa (eds.)
Casimir results function fundamental examples of at once observable manifestations of the nontrivial houses of quantum fields, and as such are attracting expanding curiosity from quantum box theorists, particle physicists, and cosmologists. in addition, although very vulnerable other than at brief distances, Casimir forces are common within the experience that each one fabric gadgets are topic to them. they're therefore additionally an more and more very important a part of the physics of atom-surface interactions, whereas in nanotechnology they're being investigated not just as individuals to ‘stiction’ but additionally as strength mechanisms for actuating micro-electromechanical devices.
While the sector of Casimir physics is increasing speedily, it has reached a degree of adulthood in a few vital respects: at the experimental aspect, the place such a lot resources of imprecision in strength measurements were pointed out in addition to at the theoretical facet, the place, for instance, semi-analytical and numerical tools for the computation of Casimir forces among our bodies of arbitrary form were effectively built. This booklet is, then, a well timed and complete consultant to the essence of Casimir (and Casimir-Polder) physics that would have lasting price, serving the twin goal of an advent and connection with the sector. whereas this quantity isn't meant to be a unified textbook, yet really a set of mostly self reliant chapters written by way of popular specialists within the box, the special and punctiliously written articles undertake a method that are meant to attract non-specialist researchers within the box in addition to to a broader viewers of graduate students.
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Phys. Rev. 73, 360 (1948) 4. : On the attraction between two perfectly conducting plates. Proc. K. Ned. Akad. Wet. 51, 793 (1948) 5. : Theory of molecular attraction forces between condensed bodies. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 97, part 4, 643 (1954); Influence of temperature on molecular attraction forces between condensed bodies. 100, part 5, 879 (1955) 6. : The theory of molecular attractive forces between solids. Sov. Phys. JETP 2, 73 (1956) 2 On the Problem of van der Waals Forces in Dielectric Media 37 7.
Rahi et al in this volume 30. : Direct measurement of molecular forces. Nature 272, 313 (1978) and references therein to related work of Derjaguin et al 31. It should be noted that Bressi et al managed to measure with about 15% precision the Casimir force between (nearly) parallel metallic plates: G. Bressi, G. Carugno, R. Onofrio, and G. Ruoso, ‘‘Measurement of the Casimir force between parallel metallic surfaces,‘‘ Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 041804 (2002) 32. : Experimental investigation of the Casimir force beyond the proximity-force approximation.
This condition is satisfied automatically by virtue of the boundary conditions for the fluctuating fields. If the elmð1Þ ¼ normal to the surface is directed along z, it must be the case that raz elmð2Þ raz ; a ¼ x; y: Violation of this condition would result in the existence of permanent flow of the liquid near a solid boundary. 6) can be written as a condition of constancy of the total chemical potential f: fðq; TÞ ¼ f0 ðq; tÞ þ fðelmÞ ðq; TÞ ¼ const: ð2:7Þ Notice that, neglecting the change in density of the liquid under the influence of the van der Waals forces, one can express this condition also as 28 L.
Casimir Physics by Diego A. R. Dalvit, Peter W. Milonni, David C. Roberts (auth.), Diego Dalvit, Peter Milonni, David Roberts, Felipe da Rosa (eds.)