By Neil Whitman
"Feature neutrality" is an argument that has obtained a lot recognition between linguists. for instance, examine the sentence, "I have by no means, and should by no means, placed my identify in this document." right here, the verb 'put' acts concurrently as a earlier participle (as in "have by no means put") and a base shape (as in "will by no means put"), and is accordingly stated to be impartial among the 2 kinds. related examples were discovered for lots of languages.
The accredited knowledge is that neutrality is feasible just for morphosyntactic good points equivalent to verb shape, gender, quantity, declension class-not on the point of gross syntactic classification, the place the semantic transformations are extra major. In different phrases, it's been claimed that "category neutrality," the place a observe or word is used concurrently with a couple of syntactic class, doesn't exist. (A well-known instance is the obtrusive ungrammaticality of this sentence, within which "can" is used at the same time as a primary verb and auxiliary verb: "I can tuna and get a brand new job.") during this publication, despite the fact that, Neal Whitman exhibits that class neutrality does exist in English. This not just demanding situations the present pondering, but in addition increases foundational questions on the character of ambiguity.
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Extra resources for Category Neutrality: A Type-Logical Investigation (Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics)
Previous page page_47 next page > < previous page page_48 next page > Page 48 (54) Natural-deduction style Elimination rules for These rules state that from an a, either an A: π1(α) or a B: π2(α) can be derived. In other words, if an expression is both an A and a B, then (i) it is certainly an A, and (ii) it is certainly a B. The Introduction rule, however, is awkward in this style, and will not be shown here. ) When the rule of proof for needs to be used, the Gentzen-style rule will be employed.
Have coordinated NP and that clause arguments to verbs like remember or frighten: (14) (from Sag et al. (1985), (123)) a. Pat remembered the appointment and that it was important to be on time. That Himmler appointed Heydrich and the implications thereof frightened many observers. In searching the literature for category neutrality, what one finds instead of further examples is a refusal to believe that category neutrality can exist when the categories come with different semantics. (Notable exceptions are Morrill 1994 and Hendriks 1995, who analyze the examples from Sag et al.
The rules are shown in (22); following them is an explanation of the general anatomy of a Gentzen sequent rule, and then a discussion of the individual rules. (22) Gentzen sequent calculus for the Associative Lambek Calculus In a Gentzen sequent rule, the material above the line comprises the PREMISE(S), and the material below the line, the CONCLUSION It can be seen in (22) that each rule requires at least one premise, except for the Axiom, which states that the conclusion can be proven from no premises at all (the equivalent of Reflexivity in the axiomatic presentation).
Category Neutrality: A Type-Logical Investigation (Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics) by Neil Whitman