By Dipl.-Vw. Karl Ludwig Brockmann, Dipl.-Vw. Jens Hemmelskamp, Dr. Olav Hohmeyer (auth.)
Boycotting tropical trees reduces its financial worth and gives an incentive to burn down forests, making them to be had for next agricultural use or cattle farming. by contrast, a certification scheme for sustainability produced bushes (tropical or non-tropical) protects the forests by way of elevating their financial price.
This examine examines the impression of a certification scheme on German call for for tropical bushes. A partial-equilibrium version is built for the German tropical bushes marketplace as a complete in addition to for 5 vital submarkets representing 50% of the whole call for. the consequences demonstrate credible certification scheme can result in an important growth of call for for sustainability produced tropical bushes. This holds real for a scheme constrained to Germany in addition to for an OECD-wide approach.
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Extra resources for Certified Tropical Timber and Consumer Behaviour: The Impact of a Certification Scheme for Tropical Timber from Sustainable Forest Management on German Demand
Paints in a "non-aqueous medium" are predominantly solvent-containing paints and lacquers. Paints with an "aqueous medium" are chiefly ones with little or no solvent content. However, in contrast to the production statistics, emulsion lacquer paints and alkyde resin paints are not treated separately in the foreign trade statistics. 5 in the total domestic market Notes: ---: No information available. Market shares calculated on the basis of Quantities (inlandproduction minus net e~ort). Source: See Table 5 and STATISTISCHESBUNDESAMT (Fachserie 7, Reihe 2, various years).
The criteria are defined by an independent jury consisting inter alia of experts from industry, environmental protection organizations and consumer associations. 'ro 1134 1CXXl o 48 - • •i I 163 1m1~1~1~1~1~1~1~1~1~1~1~1~1~1~ Figure 1: v,. Products Labelled with a "Blue Angel" in Germany Source: UBA (1993). In addition to or as supplement to environmental labels such as the Blue Angel, which can be assigned to any kind of product, product-specific governmentcontrolled information instruments are recommended - for example from the Federal Environmental Agency - such as environmentally related certification of textiles or tropical timber, as a further development of environmental information for the consumer (UBA 1994:54).
Market shares calculated on the basis of quantities. 1, various years); VERBANO OER LACKINOUSTRIE (1993). Own calculations. It is evident from Table 5 that the share of paints containing little or no solvent in the total production has steadily increased in the course of time. In 1986 the share of these paints was only about 14%, but by 1993 it had increased to more than 22% of the total paint production in Germany. On the other hand, the production share of paints containing solvent dropped from 86% to 77% during the period from 1986 to 1993.
Certified Tropical Timber and Consumer Behaviour: The Impact of a Certification Scheme for Tropical Timber from Sustainable Forest Management on German Demand by Dipl.-Vw. Karl Ludwig Brockmann, Dipl.-Vw. Jens Hemmelskamp, Dr. Olav Hohmeyer (auth.)