By Anne Le Huérou, Aude Merlin, Amandine Regamey, Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski (eds)
The Russia-Chechen wars have had an awfully damaging effect at the groups and at the trajectories of private lives within the North Caucasus Republic of Chechnya. This booklet offers in-depth research of the Chechen conflicts and their results on Chechen society. It discusses the character of the violence, examines the dramatic adjustments that have taken position in society, within the economic climate and in faith, and surveys present advancements, together with how the clash is being remembered and the way Chechnya is reconstructed and ruled.
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Additional resources for Chechnya at War and Beyond
To use Mancur Olson's colorful analogy, a self-interested ruler behaves like a "stationary bandit" who is unlikely to risk his future revenue streams by looting the current stock of wealth of his subjects. He will raise taxation only up to the level that maximizes his tax revenues. 69 Third, rulers are supposed to have an encompassing interest that is akin to the national interest. Why Transitions Get Trapped 37 In both theory and practice, centralized predation can spiral out of control. The ruler's encompassing interest may diverge fundamentally from that of the state.
In the 6,275 large and medium-sized SOEs that had been classified as restructured as of 2001, the party committee members of the prerestructured firms became the board of directors in 70 percent of the restructured firms. 3 million officials-about 8 percent of its total membership and 16 percent of its urban members-who held executive positions in SOEs in 2003. 48 To the extent that a big-bang strategy reduces economic distortion and hence an authoritarian regime's ability to create and allocate rents, that regime's ability to retain political support will be undermined drastically.
In some countries, such as China, the decentralization of property rights also involved the transfer of formal ownership of state assets from the central government to local governments. Such decentralization granted the state's managerial agents more discretion in operating SOEs, especially regarding investment and compensation. Although no evidence shows that decentralization of property rights alone contributes to efficiency gains, the combination of lack of clarity ofproperty rights and decentralization of such rights has led to widespread asset-stripping and other forms of theft by state agents.
Chechnya at War and Beyond by Anne Le Huérou, Aude Merlin, Amandine Regamey, Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski (eds)