By Matthew Hall
This leading edge edited assortment brings jointly prime overseas lecturers to discover using a variety of non-prescription and prescription ingredients for the aim of perceived physique photo enhancement. whereas experiences on drug misuse up to now have tested drug use within the context of wearing functionality, dependancy, and physique snapshot for specific teams equivalent to bodybuilders, there was little learn that explores the broader use (and misuse) of felony and unlawful medications for physique picture improvement and weightloss.
With scientific sociology and social psychology at its center, this crucial quantity exhibits the advanced purposes in the back of the misuse of varied medicines, how those are attached to modern physique photograph and visual appeal issues, and why the identified overall healthiness hazards and probably damaging negative effects don't act as deterrents.
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Additional info for Chemically Modified Bodies: The Use of Diverse Substances for Appearance Enhancement
1999). On the other hand, in a more recent study, overweight and obese adolescent boys were found to be more likely to report muscle-enhancing behaviours (Eisenberg et al. 2012). , Ricciardelli and McCabe 2003; Rodgers et al. 2012; Thorlton et al. 2012). Given the limited number of studies that have examined this relationship, additional studies are clearly needed before clear conclusions can be drawn. Age and pubertal development. Most studies have shown that the average age adolescents commence using steroids is 15 years.
2014). In addition, adolescents have been found to misuse prescription drugs as stimulants for weight loss. These include medications to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, such as Adderall and Ritalin (Jeffers and Benotsch 2014). However, we have only prevalence data on the use of caffeine and energy drinks, and the misuse of prescription drugs for the purpose of weight loss among adults. 9 % of adults who were trying to lose weight reported using energy drinks (Jeffers et al. 2014).
Williams Coleman, J. (2011). ). London: Routledge. , & Smith, G. (2002). Advancing the expectancy concept via the interplay between theory and research. Alcoholism-Clinical and Experimental Research, 26(6), 926–935. , & Patrick, S. (2010). The idealization of thin figures and appearance concerns in middle school children. Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research, 15(3), 134–143. , & White, V. (2011). The epidemiology of anabolic-androgenic steroid use among Australian secondary school students.
Chemically Modified Bodies: The Use of Diverse Substances for Appearance Enhancement by Matthew Hall