By Joyce Penfield
Chicano English can rightly be stated to be, in its various kinds, the main common ethnic dialect of U.S. English, spoken through huge sections of the inhabitants within the American Southwest. It represents one of those speech mentioned through E. Haugen as a ‘bilingual’ dialect, having constructed out of a sturdy Spanish-English surroundings. of their publication, the authors supply a complete exam of Chicano English, devoting specific emphasis to the social elements selecting its attribute gains and makes use of. unique recognition is given to the query of homogeneity as opposed to ordered version inside of Chicano English, to positive factors of pronunciation and grammar, to its communicative features, to the evaluative attitudes of its audio system and others and, eventually, to its makes use of in literature and the media. despite its value, Chicano English has been insufficiently documented; this monograph is meant to give a contribution in the direction of redressing the stability.
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Additional resources for Chicano English: An ethnic contact dialect
The study of ChE in children suggests a variety of research problems. The least problematic situation for such a study would be to restrict the respondents to only monolingual English-speaking Chicanos who would exhibit the largest amount of ChE variation. Such populations are most frequent in parts of California where Spanish language main tenance is weak. In most other parts of the Southwest the sociolinguistic setting produces such a high degree of multilingualism that it would be difficult to find families where Spanish is never heard or where children do not have at least a passive knowledge of Spanish.
1976) lower middle-class mothers tend to maintain Spanish more often than the more mobile and higher middle-class mothers. When in fact Spanish is maintained in the home, the variety used tends to be SW Sp rather than St Sp, simply because there is less formal edu cation and exposure to St Sp to promote its use. In some intercultural marriages, the possibility of using both English and Spanish by both spouses sometimes becomes a strain if one spouse has minimal compe tency in the other language and in time only one language is used for inter-family communication - the language most understood by both spouses.
30 CHICANO ENGLISH: AN ETHNIC CONTACT DIALECT Our observations of the variety of sociolinguistic contexts in mul tilingual Chicano areas suggest even more complications for the study of linguistic ontogeny. Children within the same socioeconomic class are often exposed to different multiple model sources because of the extreme diversity within one family. We would suggest that since such diversity depends upon the family situation, socioeconomic class may have minimal import on language development for the first few years of the child's development - at least those years in which participa tion in family circles far predominates that in peer circles or school settings.
Chicano English: An ethnic contact dialect by Joyce Penfield