Taking a micro-historical method of the examine of ethnic identities within the Philippines, this booklet bargains a desirable portrait of ways chinese language service provider households in Manila negotiated the meanings of chinese language, chinese language mestizo, Catholic, and Filipino
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Additional resources for Chinese and Chinese Mestizos of Manila (Chinese Overseas)
24 chapter one Figure 1. Maps of Fujian and Philippines. Created by Don Sluter. Fujian—Early History Most of the Chinese in the Philippines today trace their origins to Fujian (褔建) province in China. The province’s original inhabitants were members of the “seven Min tribes” that lived in the area during the Zhou dynasty (1111–255 BCE). During the Tang Dynasty, political instability forced many living in the northern part of China to flee to the southern provinces of China, including Fujian ( JJHQZ 1994, 25).
From then on up to the Qing dynasty, the state managed the production and distribution of salt. The salt industry was very important to Chinese émigrés mostly because their family members who still lived in Minnan could be free from military conscription if they opened a salt factory ( JJWSZLXJ 1993, Vol. 14, 62–3). 22 A twentieth-century outsider observer was quoted as saying that the province was “ ‘one of the most completely isolated provinces of China’ ” (quoted in Rawski 1972, 59). While this may be true in relation to other provinces of China, it certainly was not in relation to other places in Nanyang.
From the RMAO, I examined hundreds of protocolos, which are notarial records such as powers of attorney; sales of property and goods; testaments; issuance of promissory notes; and civil marriage contracts. [This is where the “pragmatic” part of choosing the 1860s for my study comes into play; the compilation of complete sets of protocolos started only in the late 1860s. ] Another important set of documents I used from this archive is the Varios Personajes, which contains the dossier of prominent individuals living in Manila, including transcriptions of court cases brought against them and personal records.
Chinese and Chinese Mestizos of Manila (Chinese Overseas) by Chu