By Karin Friedrich, Barbara Pendzich
This quantity seeks to handle the doubts harboured through the West concerning the skill of East critical ecu states to construct glossy democracies and tolerant societies after the growth of the eu Union eastwards. The culture of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth is thereby frequently missed in favour of the nationalist romanticism and xenophobia of the 19th and early 20th century, which arose from the categorical context of the walls of 1772-95. but citizenship in a multinational context was once a primary subject matter of the political debate in early sleek Poland-Lithuania. for lots of modern spiritual and nationwide conflicts, this Commonwealth can't be an immediate version for imitation, yet might function a resource of notion as a result of the artistic strategies and compromises it negotiated whereas integrating many religions and ethnicities. individuals are James B. Collins, Karin Friedrich, Gershon David Hundert, Joanna Kostylo, Krzysztof Lazarski, Allan I. Macinnes, Barbara M. Pendzich, Felicia Roşu, Barbara Skinner, and Artūras Vasiliauskas.
Read or Download Citizenship and Identity in a Multinational Commonwealth: Poland-lithuania in Context, 1550-1772 (Studies in Central European Histories) PDF
Best civil rights & liberties books
Thought of via many historians to be the birthplace of the Confederacy, South Carolina skilled one of many longest and such a lot turbulent Reconstruction sessions of the entire southern states. After the Civil struggle, white supremacist management within the nation fiercely resisted the efforts of freed slaves to safe complete citizenship rights and to remake society established upon an expansive imaginative and prescient of freedom cast in slavery and the crucible of warfare.
Lifelong liberal Kirsten Powers blasts the Left's pressured march in the direction of conformity in an exposé of the intolerant conflict on loose speech. now not champions of tolerance and loose speech, the "illiberal Left" now viciously assaults and silences an individual with substitute issues of view. Powers asks, "What ever occurred to loose speech in the USA?
Many folks this day be aware of that the 1964 homicide in Mississippi of 2 Jewish men--Mickey Schwerner and Andrew Goodman--and their Black colleague, James Chaney, marked essentially the most wrenching episodes of the civil rights circulate. but only a few notice that Andrew Goodman have been in Mississippi for someday whilst he was once killed; Rita Schwerner, Mickey's spouse, have been organizing in Mississippi for 6 tough months.
- Higher Education and the Civil Rights Movement: White Supremacy, Black Southerners, and College Campuses
- Civil disobedience : protest, justification and the law
- Human Rights as Politics, Human Rights as Idolatry
Extra resources for Citizenship and Identity in a Multinational Commonwealth: Poland-lithuania in Context, 1550-1772 (Studies in Central European Histories)
Such rule required a consensual act of alienation of power by the ruler as well as the ruled: only consensual rule was legitimate, defined by its obligation to the rights of the land and the common good. Thus the ‘constitutionalists’ in the senate, the optimates, understood themselves as the truest patriots, as they tried to keep the tug-of-war between monarchists and republicans in check. A commonwealth of many faiths, cultures and identities also involves the citizens’ self-interest. It is here that constitutional rhetoric and political practice clashed most violently.
Owing to the elaborate pacta conventa and the sophisticated legalism of its civic institutions and their procedures, the Polish defence of the AristotelianCiceronian model of constitutional government in the early modern period was therefore much more effective. 20 The procedures, including legal instruments such as the 18 Helmut Koenigsberger, “Schlußbetrachtung. , Republiken und Republikanismus im Europa der Frühen Neuzeit (München, 1988). Schriften des Historischen Kollegs, Koloquien 11, 285–302, esp.
Felicia Ro u’s discussion of the creation of the Crown Tribunal in 1578 and the accompanying debate in the Commonwealth over the nature of justice and its proper administration demonstrates clearly how engaged citizens reformed the Commonwealth ‘from below’, if not against, at least without the monarch’s initiative. , The Polish–Lithuanian Monachy in European Context, c. 1500–1795 (Basingstoke, 2001), 150–171. 25 Kamiński, “Imponderabilia społeczeństwa,” 33–34. 10 karin friedrich change procedures and introduce new institutions which made the dispensation of justice more effective, at least for a period of time, was an important achievement which has rarely been analysed in the context of practical politics and its relation to active citizenship.
Citizenship and Identity in a Multinational Commonwealth: Poland-lithuania in Context, 1550-1772 (Studies in Central European Histories) by Karin Friedrich, Barbara Pendzich