By Peter B. Levy
Civil struggle on Race highway, so named simply because Race highway was once the line that divided blacks and whites in Cambridge, Maryland, is a close exam of 1 of the main brilliant in the neighborhood established struggles for racial equality throughout the Sixties. starting with an summary of Cambridge, relatively its background of racial and sophistication kinfolk, Peter Levy strains the emergence of the fashionable civil rights circulate during this urban on Maryland's japanese Shore. Catalyzed by means of the arriving of freedom riders in 1962, the flow in Cambridge increased in 1963 and 1964 lower than the management of Gloria Richardson, essentially the most widespread (and one of many few lady) civil rights leaders within the state. within the years after her departure from Cambridge, the circulate went into decline till 1967, while it underwent a quick revival that culminated with a rebel allegedly incited via black energy spokesman H. Rap Brown. within the wake of the rebel, blacks and whites in Cambridge sought to rebuild their urban and go back to a politics of moderation. notwithstanding, Spiro Agnew, then governor of Maryland, used the revolt to boost his political occupation and the fortunes of the recent correct, thereby garnering the eye of the general public (as good as Richard Nixon) and reaching the vice-presidency in 1968. even as, H. Rap Brown observed his effect and that of the civil rights move decline. as well as delivering precious insights into Richardson and Agnew, this research is among the few to check a group in a "border" nation. Levy demonstrates that the objectives of the stream weren't common, that options underwent consistent political and social switch, and that the effect at the micro point was once now not as fresh and fast as historians might have us think.
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Additional info for Civil War on Race Street: The Civil Rights Movement in Cambridge, Maryland (Southern Dissent)
Even though there were blacks on the police force, they were unofﬁcially restricted to patrolling the black community. In addition, even elite blacks faced the sting or humiliation of social segregation. For example, the town council dined together before meetings, with the exception of St. Clair. He had food brought to his home and had to dine alone. 28 The Contours of History · 23 Nor was St. Clair able to desegregate the many social institutions and organizations around which much of life in Cambridge revolved.
To complicate matters further, the decline of the Phillips Packing Company coincided with a dramatic shift in the relationship between Cambridge and the surrounding region. The construction of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge shifted Cambridge’s spatial boundaries, rapidly integrating it into the megalopolis of the mid-Atlantic states. 46 “Until just recently,” local historian John Wennersten writes, “the Eastern Shore was one of the most geographically isolated regions” in the nation. ” Over the years the region attracted few migrants, grew slowly, and matured as a separate society.
In sales pitches to potential employers, they argued that the decline of Phillips presented a golden opportunity for industries choosing to locate in Cambridge. The company’s collapse, they noted, had created a large class of unemployed and underemployed workers who constituted a ready-made supply of cheap labor. Former Phillips plants could be bought cheaply and converted to meet the needs of their new owners in a fraction of time it would take to construct new plants elsewhere. Cambridge citizens, they added, accustomed to industrial work, would prove far more productive than workers in more rural areas that lacked an industrial tradition.
Civil War on Race Street: The Civil Rights Movement in Cambridge, Maryland (Southern Dissent) by Peter B. Levy