By Steven J. Zaloga
German defenses alongside the Normandy shores have been a part of the bigger Atlantic Wall fortifications designed to shield fort Europe. while box Marshal Erwin Rommel took command of the invasion entrance in past due 1943, he started a software to reinforce fortifications alongside the Normandy coast as he believed that any Allied attack needed to be stopped at the invasion shores themselves. His most crucial contribution to the defenses used to be an in depth application of improvised seashore obstructions to complicate any touchdown try out. This publication analyses those fortifications and describes how the Allied forces overcame them at the morning of June 6, 1944.
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Additional info for D-Day Fortifications in Normandy (Fortress, Volume 37)
For example, 114 Lancasters bombed the battery at Ouistreham delivering some 580 tons of bombs. However, in an age before guided weapons, these air strikes were of very limited value. For example, the Merville battery had been hit by about 1,000 bombs of which only 50 actually landed within the battery site and only two actually struck one of the gun casemates, in neither case disabling it. ” Nevertheless, the heavy bombardment along the coast in late May had led to the decision to fully man the strongpoints at all times, which included staffs deployed in the command posts on the coast.
Some idea of the differences can be determined from the accompanying chart. German troops run for cover as a US Army Air Force P-38 reconnaissance aircraft makes a low photographic pass over the Normandy beaches on May 6, 1944. The troops appear to be working on new Hemmbalk obstructions to reinforce the weaker wooden stakes seen to the right. (NARA) Density of defenses on D-Day beaches* Width (km) Strongpoints WN per km German Inf. Co. 62 2 14 7 8 7 630 * Sources: Comparison of British and American Areas in Normandy in terms of Fire Support and its Effects, (British Army Operational Research Group Report No.
This would culminate in assaults on some of the most formidable strongpoints, for example the naval coastal gun batteries such as Crisbeq, which was ﬁrst subjected to infantry attack on June 7, 1944. The campaign on the Cotentin Peninsula eventually ran into the most substantial fortiﬁcations in the region, surrounding the port of Cherbourg, later in June 1944. Bloody Omaha Omaha Beach was the only landing area where the outcome was ever in doubt. The ﬁghting raged for 18 hours, concentrated around the “draws,” the gullies that cut through the bluffs allowing access off the beach.
D-Day Fortifications in Normandy (Fortress, Volume 37) by Steven J. Zaloga